All contributors

Meet the team of experts who make EMS Reference possible.

Todd M. Cage

MEd, NRP
Todd M. Cage, MEd, NRP, is an instructor of emergency medicine and a practicing paramedic. He has been a certified paramedic since 1997 and an EMT since 1990.

John Gosford

MS, NREMT-P
John Gosford, MS, NREMT-P, is an assistant professor and EMS Program Coordinator for the College of Southern Maryland and an accomplished EMS author.

Jason Hums

MPH, BSN
Jason Hums, MPH, BSN, is an assistant professor of paramedic for Southwestern Community College in Chula Vista, Ca.

JoAn Laes

MD
JoAn Laes, MD, is a board-certified internal medicine physician. She works in the addiction medicine department at Hennepin County Medical Center and as a nocturnist at Mercy Hospital.

Christopher Touzeau

MS, NREMT-P, RN
Christopher Touzeau, MS, NREMT-P, RN, is a firefighter/paramedic at Montgomery County (Md.) Fire and Rescue Service.