All contributors

Meet the team of experts who make EMS Reference possible.

Dennis C. Baier

BSN, RN, EMT-P

Reviewer

Dennis C. Baier, BSN, RN, EMT-P, is the clinical coordinator and a faculty member of Ozarks Technical Community College.

Alan M. Batt

MSc PhD(c) CCP

Author

Reviewer

Alan M. Batt MSc PhD(c) CCP is a College Professor in the Paramedic Programs at Fanshawe College, Adjunct Associate Professor of Paramedic Science at CQUniversity, and a Paramedic Educator at the Centre for Paramedic Education and Research. He also holds an Adjunct Faculty position in the Institute for Health Professionals at Portland Community College.

Jennifer Berry

BA, NREMT
Jennifer C. Berry, BA, NREMT, joined Fisdap in August 2013 as the editorial director of the EMS Reference. Previously, she was managing editor of JEMS.

Sean Boley

MD

Author

Reviewer

Sean Boley, MD, is a second-year emergency medicine resident at Regions Hospital in St Paul, Minn. He graduated medical school from Penn State College of Medicine in 2012.

L. Michael Bowen

NREMT-P

Author

Reviewer

Mike Bowen is the Director of Testing at Fisdap. Mike received his paramedic education from Inver Hills Community College, where he now occasionally steps in as a substitute instructor.

Todd M. Cage

MEd, NRP

Section Editor

Topic Editor

Author

Reviewer

Todd M. Cage, MEd, NRP, is an instructor of emergency medicine and a practicing paramedic. He has been a certified paramedic since 1997 and an EMT since 1990.

Elliot Carhart

EdD, RRT, NRP

Author

Reviewer

Elliot Carhart, EdD, RRT, NRP is the EMS Performance & Research Coordinator for Pinellas County (FL) EMS & Fire Administration.

James W. Cason

Reviewer

James Cason is an experienced fire service technical teams professional with more than 30 years' experience in many technical operations.

Samuel Chu

BSE, NREMT-P

Author

Samuel Chu, BSE, EMT-P, finished the paramedic certificate program at Inver Hills Community College in November 2014. Prior to that, he obtained a BSE degree in biomedical engineering at Duke University in 2007.

Kevin Collopy

BA, FP-C, CCEMT-P, NR-P, CMTE

Author

Kevin Collopy, BA, FP-C, CCEMT-P, NR-P, CMTE, is the education coordinator for New Hanover (N.C.) Regional Medical Center and the vice president of the International Association of Flight and Critical Care Paramedics Board of Directors. He is also a lead instructor for Wilderness Medical Associates and a former EMS World continuing education article author.

Adam Cook

NREMT-P

Author

Reviewer

Adam Cook, NREMT-P, is a supervisory law enforcement official assigned to a special response unit in the Washington, D.C. area.

James Dinsch

MS, NRP, CCEMT-P

Reviewer

James Dinsch, MS, NRP, CCEMT-P, is the EMS department chair and program director for Indian River State College in Fort Pierce, Fla.

James Duren

EMT-P

Reviewer

Jim Duren is responsible for overseeing training, education, regulatory and compliance, certification and recertification for all prehospital care providers in the county, as well as EMS online CE program director, BLS QA and cardiac case review.

Lindsay Eakes

BS, NRP

Reviewer

Lindsay Eakes, BS, NRP, is the Paramedic Programs Director for the UNM EMS Academy. She has been in EMS for more than a decade as an EMT and paramedic in Albuquerque New Mexico, as well as an EMS educator and program faculty.

Christopher Ebright

BEd, NREMT-P

Reviewer

Christopher Ebright, BEd, NREMT-P, is an EMS education coordinator for the National EMS Academy in Louisiana. He has been providing medical education for 18 years.

Fred Ellinger, Jr.

NREMT-P

Author

Fred Ellinger, Jr., NREMT-P, has more than 20 years of experience in firefighting, rescue, and EMS operations, management, and instruction.

Tom Fentress

BS, NREMT-P

Reviewer

Tom Fentress is a nationally registered paramedic, a primary instructor for the state of Indiana and certified in the fire service. He is pursuing his masters of business administration from Indiana Wesleyan University.

Daniel Frazier

NR-P

Author

Reviewer

Daniel Frazier, NR-P, works in New Jersey as a paramedic and with SWAT teams as medical support during training and active calls. He also teaches and lectures throughout New Jersey.

Rusty Gilpin

BT, NRP

Author

Rusty Gilpin BT, NRP is the EMS Education Program Director for Gordon Cooper Technology Center

John Gosford

MS, NREMT-P

Section Editor

Topic Editor

Author

Reviewer

John Gosford, MS, NREMT-P, is an assistant professor and EMS Program Coordinator for the College of Southern Maryland and an accomplished EMS author.

Joshua B. Holloman

MHS, NRP, CEMSO

Reviewer

Joshua B. Holloman, MHS, NRP, CEMSO, is the chief of the EMS Division for Johnston County Emergency Services in North Carolina. He is an advocate for increasing education, professionalism, and leadership within emergency services.

Arthur Hsieh

MS, NREMT-P

Section Editor

Reviewer

Arthur Hsieh, MS, NREMT-P, is the program director at Santa Rosa Junior College's paramedic program and the editor-in-chief of EMS1.com. He has been a nationally registered paramedic since 1985.

Jason Hums

MPH, BSN

Topic Editor

Author

Reviewer

Jason Hums, MPH, BSN, is an assistant professor of paramedic for Southwestern Community College in Chula Vista, Ca.

Frank Killebrew

Reviewer

Frank Killebrew is a paramedic and full-time EMS educator. He is currently the paramedicine technolgy program director at Ogeechee Technical College in Statesboro, Ga.

Bryan B. Kitch

MD

Author

Bryan B. Kitch, MD is an EMS fellowship-trained emergency physician practicing in Greenville, North Carolina. He is a full-time faculty member at East Carolina University.

JoAn Laes

MD

Topic Editor

Author

Reviewer

JoAn Laes, MD, is a board-certified internal medicine physician. She works in the addiction medicine department at Hennepin County Medical Center and as a nocturnist at Mercy Hospital.

Ron Lawler

BS, EMT-P

Reviewer

Ron Lawler, BS, NRP, is the director of Sanford Health EMS Education in Fargo, North Dakota and an American Heart Association-certified CPR/first aid, BLS, ACLS and PALS instructor.

Bill Lord

BHlthSc, GDipCBL, MEd, PhD

Author

Reviewer

Bill Lord, BHlthSc, GDipCBL, MEd, PhD, is Associate Professor and discipline lead for Paramedic Science at the University of the Sunshine Coast.

Katie Lyman

PhD, ATC, NREMT, CKTI,

Author

Reviewer

Katie Lyman, PhD, ATC, NREMT, CKTI, is an Assistant Professor at North Dakota State University in the Department of Health, Nutrition, and Exercise Science. She has been a Nationally Registered EMT for 13 years and a certified athletic trainer for 10 years.

Dawnelle Mathis

BS, NR-P

Author

Reviewer

Dawnelle Mathis, BS, NR-P, is EMS education department chair at Pueblo Community College in Pueblo, Colo. She has been a field paramedic for the past 10 years in a ski resort area and has extensive experience in pain management.

Kim D. McKenna

MEd, RN, EMT-P

Author

Kim McKenna is the Director of Education for the St. Charles County Ambulance District in St. Charles, Missouri. She formerly served as Chief Medical Officer for the Florissant Valley Fire Protection District. Kim is a paramedic, registered nurse, educator, EMS author and editor who has been involved in emergency care and EMS education for more than 25 years.

Travis Mitchell

NRP

Reviewer

Travis Mitchell, NRP, is the EMS coordinator for Bon Secours Hampton Roads Health System in Hampton Roads, Va.

Keith Monosky

PhD, MPM

Author

Reviewer

Keith Monosky, PhD, MPM, is program director for the EMS paramedicine program and a tenured professor in the department of nutrition, exercise, and health sciences at Central Washington University.

Richard Murdock

BS, MICP(R)

Author

Reviewer

Richard Murdock, BS, MICP(R), is the executive director of the Mountain-Valley EMS Agency in California. He has more than 30 years experience in fire/EMS leadership, EMS education, and disaster preparedness. He has been a voice of paramedicine as a profession and has participated in research that supports evidence-based management in the prehospital setting.

Scott Nelson

BS, NRP

Reviewer

Scott Nelson, BS, NRP, is the director of the EMS program at Texas Southmost College in Brownsville, Texas.

David Page

MS, NREMT-P

Reviewer

David I. Page, MS, NREMT-P, is director of the Prehospital Care Research Forum at UCLA, a paramedic with Allina Health EMS, and a site visitor for the Committee on Accreditation of EMS Programs.

Richard M. Pearson

MBA, NCEE, EMT-P

Reviewer

Rick Pearson, MBA, NCEE, EMT-P, is full-time faculty at Butler County Community College. He holds an MBA in health systems administration and a BS in general biology with minors in psychology and bioethics.

Sean F. Peck

MEd, EMT-P

Reviewer

Sean F. Peck, MEd, EMT-P, is the paramedic program director for WestMed College in Chula Vista, Calif. He is also a fire captain for Federal Fire Department in San Diego.

John Pierce

MBA, NRP

Reviewer

John Pierce, MBA, NRP, has been practicing prehospital patient care for 22 years. His undergraduate clinical instruction focuses on advanced airway, trauma, adult medical emergencies, and critical care.

William Raynovich

EDD, MPH, NREMT-P

Reviewer

Dr. Raynovich's research interests include community health assessments and informatics, clinical practitioner roles, scopes of practice, education and patient and community safety, as well as emergency management and EMS.

Bill Robertson

DHSc, NRP

Author

Reviewer

Bill Robertson, DHSc, NRP, is chair and professor of EMS at Weber State University in Ogden, Utah. He brings 25 plus years of experience in EMS, critical care transport, and education.

Colby Rowe

MS, NREMT-P, FP-C

Author

Reviewer

Colby Rowe, MS, NREMT-P, FP-C, is the SHTM Paramedic Program certified instructor coordinator at S.U.N.Y. at Stony Brook, certified instructor coordinator at Suffolk County Department of Health Services, and an adjunct instructor at Suffolk County Community College in New York.

Morgan Scaggs

AA, NRP, CCEMT-P

Author

Reviewer

Morgan Scaggs, AA, NRP, CCEMT-P, is the Kentucky EMS for Children Project Director for the Kentucky Board of Emergency Medical Services.

Linda Spang

JD, MSBioethics, EMT-P

Reviewer

Linda Spang, JD, MSBioethics, EMT-P, has more than 30 years of experience in EMS. She is a licensed EMS instructor, practices healthcare-related law, and teaches healthcare law and bioethics at Davenport University.

Bob Sullivan

MS, NRP

Author

Bob Sullivan, MS, NRP, is a paramedic instructor at Delaware Technical Community College. He has been a nationally registered paramedic since 2002.

Shauna Sullivan

LCSW, LLC

Author

Reviewer

Shauna Sullivan, LCSW, LLC, is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with more than 10 years experience in the field. She sees individuals and families for outpatient treatment through her private practice in Wilmington, Delaware.

Joshua Tilton

NR-P, CCEMT-P, EMS I

Author

Joshua Tilton, NR-P, CCEMT-P, EMS I, is an EMS instructor, firefighter/paramedic, and instructor in the Columbus, Ohio area. He is also the District 3 Director for the Ohio Association of EMS.

Jamie Todd

BSC (Hons), MCPara PA2298

Author

Jamie Todd, BSC (Hons), MCPara PA2298, is a prehospital care consultant with Pre-Hospital Care Consultant LLC and the regional course director (Europe) for the Difficult Airway Course - EMS.

William F. Toon

EDD, NRP

Reviewer

William F. Toon, EDD, NRP, is the EMS training manager for the Loudoun County (Va.) Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Management. Previously, he was the battalion chief for the Johnson County (Kansas) EMS/MED-ACT and a flight paramedic with LifeNet Air Ambulance Service.

Christopher Touzeau

MS, NREMT-P, RN

Topic Editor

Author

Reviewer

Christopher Touzeau, MS, NREMT-P, RN, is a firefighter/paramedic at Montgomery County (Md.) Fire and Rescue Service.

Owen T. Traynor

MD

Reviewer

Owen T. Traynor, MD, is an adjunct assistant professor in emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences and medical director of paramedic education for the Center for Emergency Medicine of Western Pennsylvania.

Marin Veldic

MD

Reviewer

Marin Veldic, MD, is the director of the Mood Disorder Clinic, an assistant professor of psychiatry and a senior associate consultant for the Department of Psychiatry & Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. He is board certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Examiner in Child Psychiatry/Child & Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychiatry.

Ayanna Walker

MD

Reviewer

Ayanna D. Walker, MD, is a board-certified emergency medicine physician who practices at Osceola Regional Medical Center, a level II trauma center, in Kissimmee, Florida. She is a University of Central Florida College of Medicine instructor of emergency medicine and the Orlando Medical Institute medical director of paramedic education.

Travis Witt

MPPA, EMT-P

Author

Travis Witt, MPPA, EMT-P, is a firefighter/paramedic for the City of St. Petersburg, Florida and an EMS instructor with Southeastern College.

Chad Wright

BS, NRP

Author

Reviewer

Chad Wright, BS, NRP, is the EMS education program coordinator for Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Mo.