Welcome to EMS Reference

An online collection of peer-reviewed content, created by and for the EMS community.

Therapeutic Communication Includes Eye Contact

Alcohol Withdrawal and Intoxication

JoAn Laes MD

Advocating for patients includes preserving their modesty during care.

A Brief on Patient Rights

Bill Robertson DHSc, NRP

Stanislaus County Community Paramedics

Case Study: Transporting Behavioral Health Patients to an Alternate Destination

Richard Murdock BS, MICP(R)

CPR for Prehospital Providers

CPR for Prehospital Providers

Todd M. Cage MEd, NRP