Welcome to EMS Reference

An online collection of peer-reviewed content, created by and for the EMS community.

Figure 1: Transfer of Gases

Gas Exchange for EMS Providers

Rusty Gilpin BT, NRP

Therapeutic Communication Includes Eye Contact

Alcohol Withdrawal and Intoxication

JoAn Laes MD

Advocating for patients includes preserving their modesty during care.

A Brief on Patient Rights

Bill Robertson DHSc, NRP

Stanislaus County Community Paramedics

Case Study: Transporting Behavioral Health Patients to an Alternate Destination

Richard Murdock BS, MICP(R)